Abingdon Independents

The Independent dissenters would make their way in ones or twos to a shady tree lined place beside the River Thames, or a clearing in Tubney Woods. Their leader, Dr Langley, would be the last to join, and announce the opening hymn.

They claimed to gather under a higher law than the Act of Uniformity – that required them to go to the established church. The Independents felt no need of polished stones or painted glass. They said, ‘Light shines best in hearts made right with God.’ 

The Toleration Act of 1689 gave them license to meet at Dr Langley’s home in Tubney, and then a Meeting House was built and opened beside the Square in Abingdon – about the same time the Baptists and Quakers got their own place. It opened in the year 1700.

Men stood one side of a crowded gallery, women the other, with families in pews below.

An old ship’s mast held the roof. Some would claim the Pilgrim Fathers were powered through storms by that ship’s mast – chancing all on God. More probably,  the mast came from a North Sea wreck that once carried a Minister of the church.

After a long week of hard work and a long walk to church, some villagers, in long smock coats, chose to stand – lest drowsiness rob them of a crumb of the truth they lived their lives by. Fisher, a farm-labourer; and aged Mr Doe would claim, ‘so long as legs can carry us, we will be here for the worship’.

The meeting house was enlarged with a classic front, and the older building became the school room. The celebrated preacher Charles Spurgeon preached to rapt crowds that day, and the ticket price helped clear the building debt. It was a day of unity. The Mayor and Rector declared that all were now working in the same faith.

The Independents became the Congregationalists and then joined with Presbyterians to become the United Reformed Church (URC). The Abingdon URC then joined with Trinity Methodists and left their old building.

Their old meeting house is now the Ask Restaurant. Some still claim that the ship’s mast could be from the Mayflower.

Summary written after reading Two centuries young : Abingdon Congregational Church 1700-1900 by Dr John Stevens. Phrases in quotes are directly taken from the book.

6 thoughts on “Abingdon Independents

  1. Hester

    Interesting that, having started out meeting in woods and rejecting the trappings of the established church, they eventually built such an imposing building! But it is lovely and I am glad that it is still (normally) accessible, albeit for the 21st century religion of eating.

    1. Hester

      It’s round the back of ASK – accessed from a small side-road off Bath Street. It used to be offices for a company making/distributing greeting cards, not sure if they are still there. The mast referred to in the post is in there.

  2. PPJS

    It’s an old, old story. A group meets in the home of one of it members, but if it grows in numbers it eventually acquires premises specifically for the purpose. The house church gets a church house.

    Mr Spurgeon, whose college I attended [years later 😉 ], was one of the great 19th century preachers. He could – and regularly did – fill musical halls and theatres with those who came to hear him. A crowd of 30,000 was recorded on more than one occasion. He had a wicked sense of humour which can be discovered in his books of “Lectures to my Students”. They are still in print.


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